Normally the body breaks down carbohydrates and sugars into glucose from the foods we eat.
With Diabetes Mellitus either your body is not making enough insulin or it cannot use the insulin it produces or it is a combination of both.
The result of this is high level of blood glucose which damages the tiny blood vessels in the heart, kidneys, eyes or nervous system.
There are a number of different types of diabetes. Some of which are more prevalent than others. Most of us are very familiar with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. However there are few other types of diabetes that must be acknowledged. In essence diabetes can be classified into:
- Type 1 diabetes (diabetes (β-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency) Immune-mediated diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes (ranging from predominantly insulin resistance with relative insulin deficiency to predominantly an insulin secretory defect with insulin resistance).
- Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) Deterioration of glucose tolerance occurs normally during pregnancy, particularly in the 3rd trimester.
- Maturity onset diabetes of youth (MODY) genetic defects affecting β-cell function, insulin action, and mitochondrial DNA.
- Drug or chemical induced diabetes (mostly from glucocorticoids and beta-blockers).
Other types of diabetes include:
- Genetic defects of insulin action.
- Diseases of the exocrine pancreas.
- Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG).
The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes...Read More
Diagnosis and classification of Diabetes Mellitus
Merck Manual Professional version –Diabetes Mellitus
WebMD- Types of Diabetes http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/types-of-diabetes-mellitus
Target Audiences: Pharmacists and health professionals
Date produced: 27/10/2015
Date due for review and update: April 2016